Exalted and Glorious
He is Allah beside Whom none has the right to be worshipped but He, the King, the Holy, the One Free from all Defects, the Giver of Security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. (59:23)
This name is derived from the word jabbar which means correctitude. When this word is used as an attribute of Allah’s names, it means the Comforteer of the disheartened.
He who recites this Name will not be compelled to do anything against His wishes, and will not be exposed to violence, severity, or hardness.
Al-Jabbar is the One Whose will overrides everything. No one is outside the influence of His power. He has power over His creation in what He wills, so surrender to His decree, and know that nothing that strikes you could have missed you.
From: The Meanings of the Names of Our Lord by Shaykh Muhammad Sa’id al-Jamal ar-Rifa’i Head of the Higher Sufi Council in Jerusalem and the Holy Land Teacher at the Dome of the Rock (al-Aqsa)
He is the repairer of the broken, the completer of the lacking, the one who can enforce His will without any opposition.
Hadrat ‘Ali used to pray, Ya Jabbiru kulli kasirin wa ya musahilla kulli ‘asirin – “O Jabbar, who puts together all that is broken and brings ease to every difficulty.”
At the same time al-Jabbar is the one who is able to enforce His will at all times and places without any opposition. This forcefulness makes submission a necessity. His forcefulness is within the destiny of all His creation. The sun cannot say, “I will not rise again.” The wind cannot say, “I will not blow again.” Yet the human being is given a choice. We are also given the wisdom to know what is right and what is wrong. We are given freedom yet the purpose of our creation is to know Allah, to find Allah, and to become the servant of Allah. But this is not enforced on us. Allah has left it to our wish.
We find al-Jabbar by knowing that the only place to go to repair our broken hopes, to find peace in the confusion in which we find ourselves, is to Allah. On those unhappy occasions of disobedience and revolt, if we run to take refuge in Allah’s mercy before the coming of His punishment (from which no force can save us and from which there is nowhere to hide), we will find in this moment the recollection of Allah in His capacity as the Forceful One.
‘Abd al-Jabbar is the one who reflects Allah’s force, who dominates everything and enforces Allah’s will in the material and spiritual creations.
Whoever sincerely believes in the invincible power of Allah and counts on it may recite ya Jabbar 21 times in the mornings and evenings. By the will of Allah this brings safety from the threat of tyrants.
From: The Name & the Named by Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi al-Halveti